Upper Esk includes the White and Black Esks, the Meggat Water, and the main stem of the Border Esk above Langholm. The upper reaches of the streams that form the river are spawning areas but there is some fishing on the lower parts of these waters. Fishing is available on the White Esk (White Esk Fishings), on the Black Esk (Tanlawhill Beat) and on Meggat Water at Westerkirk and Westerhall. The Esk and Liddle Fishereies Association (ELFA) have fishing on the left bank of the Esk from the Craig/Potholm march to a point opposite the Craigcleuch Burn on the right bank and then both banks to Langholm. There are 15 named pools on this stretch of water.
In general terms the middle Esk is the river from Langholm downstream to Scotsdike on the right bank and the mouth of the Liddle Water on the left bank. The ELFA has fishing, 13 named pools, on the left bank from Langholm to Crannelholm upstream of Irvine House, and on both banks from Byerburnfoot, 19 named pools, to just upstream of Bells Weir below Canonbie.
Below Langholm, Broomholme House have 1.5 miles of fishing on the left bank. There are 2 three rod beats each with 7 named pools.
The Buccleuch Estate lets fishing on four beats from Broomholme downstream to Byerburnfoot. These are Irvine House (Middle & Lower), Gilnockie Tower and the Hollows beat. There is a number of excellent pools on these waters which include the Carrot Beds, Boat Pool, Coopers Stone, Fossil Beds, Tower Pool, Caul Pool, Shortsholm Brig Pool and Chapel Pool. The Estate has two fisheries below Canonbie on the Willow Pool and the Cauldron Beats.
The lower Esk runs from the Scottish/English border on the river's right bank at Scotsdike and the left bank at the mouth of the Liddle Water to the tidal waters of the Solway Firth.
On the left bank from Liddle mouth to a point opposite Scotsdike, Moat Fishings have the Willow and Cauldron pools. Below this, Netherby Estates have double bank fishing from Scotsdike to Kirkandrews suspension bridge. The estate also has two short stretches on both banks below the bridge let to private parties.
From the estate's boundary, Westhall Fishings have double bank fishing including Glingerbank to just upstream of Longtown Bridge. Above and below Longtown Bridge, Oak Bank Fishings have day ticket water.
The last beat on the river is the Tinnings Water which ends at Metal Bridge. Being close to the tide this water can at times be affected by high Spring tides.
On the English side of the border the salmon season begins on the 1st February each year and Sunday fishing is allowed. Upstream of Scotsdike and Liddle mouth on the Buccleuch Estate fishings the salmon and sea trout season begins on the 2nd April in 2008 and there is no Sunday fishing. (1st May to 31st August sea trout fishing is allowed till 03:00am on Saturday night/Sunday morning.)
The Liddle Water and the River Lyne
The Esk and Liddle Fisheries Association have fishing, 43 named pools, on the north bank of the lower Liddle upstream from the confluence with the Esk to Bankhead. At Newcastleton the ELFA have fishing, three pools, on the north bank at Kershopfoot, then double bank from above Kershopfoot Bridge - 11 pools - to Greens Bridge at Newcastleton. The fishing continues as single bank - 7 pools - through the village to a point upstream of the Black Burn then double bank up to Sandholm. The River Lyne enters the Esk upstream of the tidal limit and it is mainly a trout fishery.